A Bibliographic Entry for the Clash of Civilizations

Introduction

From a contemporary perspective, the phrase “clash of civilizations” was popularized by the British-American Orientalist Bernard Lewis in an article for the Atlantic Monthly published in 1990. Lewis argued that Islamic militancy is reinvigorating an ancient rivalry between Islam and the “Judeo-Christian heritage” of the “West.” Harvard professor Samuel P. Huntington took up the concept and theorized it in two separate publications. First, in an article for Foreign Affairs, the flagship journal of the Council on Foreign Relations in the United States, and second, in a book titled The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, he advanced his thesis with historical references. Lewis and Huntington wrote within the context of the demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. They were addressing these changes in world politics and they argued against euphoric proclamations of an impending “end of history” that writers such as Francis Fukuyama suggested. According to Huntington, the end of the Cold War would not yield peace. Rather, the new world order would facilitate cultural conflict on a global scale, especially between the West, on the one side, and Islam and Confucian civilization, on the other. This conflict will be primarily determined not by ideological or economic factors, but rather by cultural divisions between those civilizations. Since publication of the theory, the clash of civilizations has been refuted in terms of both historical evidence and methodological merit by a range of scholars from different academic disciplines. Nonetheless, the debate is far from closed. The following article takes into account the increasing importance of the Internet for scholarly research and presents a selection of useful web pages that focus on the clash of civilizations or on closely related issues.

 

To see more see http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195390155/obo-9780195390155-0177.xml?rskey=8ThAB5&result=1&q=arshin+adib-moghaddam#firstMatch (you have to have subscription to Oxford Bibliographies)


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